Concussions: Most Common TBIConcussions are one of the most common TBIs. According to the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 75 percent of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.
Long-Term EffectsPreviously, concussions were often overlooked as a minor injury. However, recent research has shown that concussions may lead to long-term problems, affecting memory, sensation, communication, and emotions. TBI can also cause epilepsy and increase the risk for conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other brain disorders that become more prevalent with age.
SymptomsSymptoms of a concussion may appear mild, but can lead to significant, life-long impairment affecting an individual's ability to function physically, cognitively, and psychologically. The following symptoms are red flags for TBIs/concussion and require emergency medical treatment:
Managing a TBI/ConcussionFirst, check to see if the patient is alert by asking:
If the patient is alert, ask the following questions:
If the patient’s breathing and heart rate are both normal but he/she is unconscious:
If there is an open head wound and you suspect a skull fracture:
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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